Evidence for Clinicians

The Cochrane Child Health Field contributes to Evidence for Clinicians, a section of Paediatrics and Child Health. Paediatrics and Child Health is the official journal of the Canadian Paediatric Society. Please click on the links below to read contributions from the Child Health Field.

August 2020

Dietary interventions for recurrent abdominal pain in childhood

Paediatrics & Child Health, August 2020, Volume 25, Issue 5

June 2020

Pacifiers and the reduced risk of sudden infant death syndrome

Paediatrics & Child Health, June 2020, Volume 25, Issue 4

April 2020

Later school start times for supporting the education, health and well-being of high school students

Paediatrics & Child Health, April 2020, Volume 25, Issue 3

February 2020

Routine oro/nasopharyngeal suction versus no suction at birth

Paediatrics & Child Health, February 2020, Volume 25, Issue 1

October 2019 

Dietary interventions for recurrent abdominal pain in childhood

Paediatrics & Child Health, October 2019, Volume 55, Issue 10

September 2019

Diet, physical activity, and behavioural interventions for the treatment of overweight or obesity in children and adolescents

Paediatrics & Child Health, September 2019, Volume 24, Issue 6

December 2018

Atypical antipsychotics for disruptive behavior disorders in children and youths

Paediatrics & Child Health, December 2018, Volume 24, Issue 2

November 2017

Paediatrics & Child HealthNovember 2017, Volume 22, Issue 8
October 2017
Paediatrics & Child HealthOctober 2017, Volume 22, Issue 7

September 2017

Amphetamines for attention deficit hyperactivity disorder in children and adolescents
Paediatrics & Child Health, September 2017, Volume 22,  Issue 5

July 2017

Parenting interventions for the prevention of unintentional injuries in childhood
Paediatrics & Child Health, July 2017, Volume 22, Issue 4

May 2017

Tonsillectomy or adenotonsillectomy versus non-surgical treatment for chronic/recurrent acute tonsillitis
Paediatrics & Child Health, May 2017, Volume 22, Issue 2

March 2017

Pharmacological treatment of children with gastro-oesophageal reflux
Paediatrics & Child Health, March 2017, Volume 22, Issue1

June/July 2016

Psychological therapies for the management of chronic and recurrent pain in children and adolescents
Paediatrics & Child Health, June/July 2016, Volume 21, Issue 5

May 2016

Honey for acute cough in children
Paediatrics & Child Health, May 2016, Volume 21, Issue 4

April 2016

Decongestants, antihistamines and nasal irrigation for acute sinusitis in children
Paediatrics & Child Health, April 2016, Volume 21, Issue 3

March 2016

Pneumococcal conjugate vaccines for preventing otitis media
Paediatrics & Child Health, March 2016, Volume 21, Issue 2

Vaccines for postexposure prophylaxis against varicella (chickenpox) in children and adults
Paediatrics & Child Health, March 2016, Volume 21, Issue 2

January/February 2016

Interventions for treating fingertip entrapment injuries in children
Paediatrics & Child Health, January/February 2016, Volume 21, Issue 1

October 2015

Antibiotics for acute pyelonephritis in children
Paediatrics & Child Health, October 2015, Volume 20, Issue 7

August/September 2015

Interventions for congenital talipes equinovarus (clubfoot)
Paediatrics & Child Health, August/September 2015, Volume 20, Issue 6

June/July 2015

Inhaled corticosteroids in children with persistent asthma: Effects on growth
Paediatrics & Child Health, June/July 2015, Volume 20, Issue 5

May 2015

Psychological interventions for needle-related procedural pain and distress in children and adolescents
Paediatrics & Child Health, May 2015, Volume 20, Issue 4

January/February 2015

Nebulized epinephrine for croup in children
Paediatrics & Child Health, January/February 2015, Volume 20, Issue 1

December 2014

Lactose avoidance for young children with acute diarrhea
Paediatrics & Child Health, December 2014, Volume 19, Issue 10

Combined and alternating acetaminophen and ibuprofen therapy for febrile children
Paediatrics & Child Health, December 2014, Volume 19, Issue 10 

November 2014

Addition of antileukotriene agents to inhaled corticosteroids in children with persistent asthma
Paediatrics & Child Health, November 2014, Volume 19, Issue 9 

October 2014

Atypical antipsychotics for psychosis in adolescents
Paediatrics & Child Health, October 2014, Volume 19, Issue 8 

August/September 2014

Beta2-agonists for exercise induced asthma
Paediatrics & Child Health, August/September 2014, Volume 19, Issue 7 

March 2014

Are salicylic formulations, liquid nitrogen or duct tape more effective than placebo for the treatment of warts in paediatric patients who present to ambulatory clinics?
Paediatrics & Child Health, March 2014, Volume 19, Issue 3

November 2013

In healthy term infants, does restriction from pacifiers in the first two to four weeks of life increase breastfeeding duration?
Paediatrics & Child HealthNovember 2013, Volume 18, Issue 9 

August/September 2012

In children with chronic suppurative otitis media, should one prescribe topical or systemic antibiotics?
Paediatrics & Child Health, August/September 2012, Volume 17, Issue 7

October 2010

During influenza season, which children need an antiviral and which one should I prescribe? Do I need to verify that they have influenza first?
Paediatrics & Child Health, October 2010, Volume 15, Issue 8

May/June 2010

Patent ductus arteriosus in premature infants: A never-closing act
Paediatrics & Child Health, May/June 2010, Volume 15, Issue 5

March 2010

Are oral antibiotics equivalent to intravenous antibiotics for the initial management of pyelonephritis in children?
Paediatrics & Child Health, March 2010, Volume 15, Issue 3

November 2009

What should I say to parents about vitamin D supplementation from infancy to adolescence?
Pediatrics & Child Health, November 2009, Volume 14, Issue 9

May/June 2008

In children with vomiting related acute gastroenteritis, are antiemetic medications an effective adjunct to fluid and electrolyte therapy?
Paediatrics & Child HealthMay/June 2008, Volume 13, Issue 5

April 2008

What should I say to parents of children four to eight years of age regarding booster seats in cars?
Paediatrics & Child Health, April 2008, Volume 13, Issue 4

March 2008

Among healthy children, what toilet-training strategy is most effective and prevents fewer adverse events (stool withholding and dysfunctional voiding)?
Paediatrics & Child Health, March 2008, Volume 13, Issue 3

April 2007

Is montelukast effective and well tolerated in the management of asthma in young children?
Paediatrics & Child Health, April 2007, Volume 12, Issue 4

January 2007

Which medications used in paediatric practice have demonstrated natural health product-drug interactions?
Paediatrics & Child Health, December 2006, Volume 11, Issue 10

October 2006

What is the role of melatonin in the management of sleep disorders in children?
Paediatrics & Child Health, October 2006, Volume 11, Issue 8

January 2006

In children with bacterial meningitis, does the addition of dexamethasone to an antibiotic treatment regimen result in a better clinical outcome than the antibiotic regimen alone?
Paediatrics & Child Health, January 2006, Volume 11, Issue 1

March 2005

Does Lactobacillus GG prevent antibiotic-associated diarrhea in children?
Paediatrics & Child Health, March 2005, Volume 10, Issue 3

October 2004

In preterm infants, does the supplementation of carnitine to parenteral nutrition improve the following clinical outcomes: Growth, lipid metabolism and apneic spells?
Paediatrics & Child Health, March 2004, Volume 9, Issue 8

April 2004

In children with autism, is intravenous secretin more effective than placebo in improving social skills, communication, behaviour or global functioning?
Paediatrics & Child Health, April 2004, Volume 9, Issue 4

December 2003

In infants with bronchiolitis, is epinephrine more effective than placebo in improving clinical outcomes, as measured by clinical score, oxygen saturation and respiratory rate?
Paediatrics & Child Health, December 2003, Volume 8, Issue 10

November 2003

In children with idiopathic short stature, what advantage does administering recombinant growth hormone have over observation in final adult height?
Paediatrics & Child Health, November 2003, Volume 8, November 9

September 2003

In children with asthma who are currently using inhaled corticosteroids, are antileukotrienes more effective than placebo in improving clinical outcomes?
Paediatrics & Child Health, September 2003, Volume 8, Issue 7

April 2003

Are home visiting programs more effective than the standard of care at preventing injury in children who are at risk for injury?
Paediatrics & Child Health, April 2003, Volume 8, November 4

December 2002

Is methylphenidate effective in reducing symptoms of attention deficit hyperactivity disorder in school-aged children?
Paediatrics & Child Health, December 2002, Volume 7, Issue 10

October 2002

Searching for the evidence: The process involved
Paediatrics & Child Health, October 2002, Volume 7, Issue 8

May/June 2002

Evidence for clinical decisions
Paediatrics & Child Health, May/June 2002, Volume 7, Issue 5